Written by: Don Carson
IN THE CONTINUING PRESSURE he felt to respond to those who were undermining his authority in Corinth, Paul finds he must "boast" while not "boasting" (see yesterday's meditation). In 2 Corinthians 10 Paul climaxes his argument by insisting that the Christian's only proper boasting is in Christ Jesus: "Let him who boasts boast in the Lord" (2 Cor. 10:17). In 2 Corinthians 11:16-33, he adopts a slightly different slant to get at the same truth.
What Paul does is take a kind of "time out": he says he will boast, not as Paul the apostle, not even as Paul the Christian, but rather as Paul the "fool" (2 Cor. 11:16-21). He is frightfully embarrassed to do even this (2 Cor. 11:21b, 23), but he cannot see another way forward. True, he says, he was steeped in Hebrew culture and language from his youth, and he is a "servant of Christ" no less than others--but to talk like this is so painful that he explodes parenthetically, "I am out of my mind to talk like this" (2 Cor. 11:23). And then he inverts all the categories. He "worked much harder": he means he worked physically, with his hands--something no first-class, self-respecting Hellenistic teacher would do. Further, he says, he has a longer prison record than they do. He has been flogged more often. Five times he has endured the synagogue sanction, the thirty-nine lashes. He has been shipwrecked three times in his voyages for the Gospel (2 Cor. 11:25)--and this was written before the one recorded in Acts 27. Constant danger has bedeviled him in his travels, and he has often been forced to go without food. Worse, he has been betrayed by "false brothers" (2 Cor. 11:26) while facing the perpetual stress of his concern for all the churches (2 Cor. 11:27-28).
We must not read this with Western Christian eyes as an exciting saga of endurance under pressure. We read Paul's sufferings and admire his faithfulness and steadfastness, his conformity to the Christ who went to the cross. But his opponents would see all these "boasts" as signs of weakness and even stupidity: he does not even have enough sense to keep himself out of trouble. But Paul is determined to invert human boasting; he will boast about the things that display his weakness (2 Cor. 11:30). Even his last shot runs along these lines (2 Cor. 11:31-33). We tend to see Paul's escape from Damascus through Luke's eyes (Acts 9). Paul himself saw his flight as an embarrassing defeat. At a time when the highest Roman military honor went to the soldier of centurion rank or higher who was first over the wall at the end of a siege, Paul avers he was the first down.
In what ways do you boast of your weaknesses?